IFES

April 3, 2022 Held

5,628,138
Voted
Hungary

Hungary

Referendum

Results

Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:5,628,138
Valid Votes:3,910,436
Invalid Votes:1,758,096

Provisions

“Do you support the showing of sex-change media content to minors?”

Yes186,938

4.83

No3,683,104

95.17

“Do you support the unrestricted exposure of underage children to sexually explicit media content that may affect their development?”

Yes180,785

4.67

No3,691,376

95.33

“Do you support the promotion of sex reassignment therapy for underage children?”

Yes158,447

4.08

No3,721,934

95.92

“Do you support the teaching of sexual orientation to minors in public education institutions without parental consent?"

Yes300,282

7.68

No3,610,154

92.32

More Info:

At Stake in this Referendum: 

Hungary will hold a referendum on 3 April 2022 in tandem with elections for the National Assembly (Országgyűlés).   

The government-initiated referendum pertains to the adoption of the controversial Child Protection Act, which passed in June 2021 with support of pro-government legislators and some independents but was boycotted by the opposition. [1] Widely framed by the government as a referendum on “LGBT propaganda,” the ballot will feature questions related to sex-education programs in schools and the presentation of sexuality-related content in the media. [2]

The Hungarian public will be presented with the following referendum questions [3]: 

  • “Do you support the teaching of sexual orientation to minors in public education institutions without parental consent?"
  • “Do you support the promotion of sex reassignment therapy for underage children?”  
  • “Do you support the unrestricted exposure of underage children to sexually explicit media content that may affect their development?” 
  • “Do you support the showing of sex-change media content to minors?” 

Voters may respond by tallying “IGEN” or “NEM,” meaning “YES” or “NO.” 

Government Structure: 

  • Chief of State: President János ÁDER (since 10 May 2012) 
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Viktor ORBÁN (since 29 May 2010) 
  • Assembly: The National Assembly (Országgyűlés) is a unicameral legislature comprised of 199 seats. 

Electoral System: 

  • The National Assembly (Országgyűlés) is a unicameral legislature whose 199 members are elected using a system of mixed-member proportional representation. The first 106 seats are determined in single-member constituencies using a first-past-the-post system. The remaining 93 members are determined using proportional representation in a single countrywide constituency. Parties which run alone in the national constituency must surpass a five percent threshold to obtain seats. Similarly, two parties sharing a joint list must receive at least ten percent of the vote to gain representation, while joint lists consisting of three or more parties must surpass a fifteen percent threshold. While seats in the nationwide constituency are distributed proportionally, surplus votes are accounted for using the d’Hondt method. [4]

Last Election: 

  • The previous parliamentary elections were held on 8 April 2018. 

Main Parties in this Election: 

  • Coalition: Fidesz-KDNP Party Alliance* / Fidesz–KDNP Pártszövetség 
    • Leader: Viktor ORBÁN 
    • Seats won in last election: 133 
  • Coalition: United for Hungary** / Egységben Magyarországért 
    • Leader: Péter MÁRKI-ZAY 
    • Seats won in last election: New 
  • Party: Our Homeland Movement / Mi Hazánk  
    • Leader: László TOROCZKAI 
    • Seats won in last election: Did not exist (currently possesses 2 seats) 

* The “Fidesz-KDNP Party Alliance” is comprised of the following: 

**The “United Hungary” coalition consists of six parties, five of which maintain parliamentary representation: 

  • Party: Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) / Jobbik Magyarországért Mozgalom 
    • Leader: Péter JAKAB 
    • Seats won in last election: 26 (currently possesses 17 seats) 
  • Party: Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) / Magyar Szocialista Párt 
    • Leaders: Bertalan TÓTH and Ágnes KUNHALMI 
    • Seats won in last election: 17 (currently possesses 15 seats) 
  • Party: Dialogue for Hungary (Párbeszéd) / Párbeszéd Magyarországért 
    • Leaders: Gergely KARÁCSONY and TÍMEA SZABÓ 
    • Seats won in last election: 3 (currently possesses 5 seats) 
  • Party: Democratic Coalition / Demokratikus Koalíció 
    • Leader: Ferenc GYURCSÁNY 
    • Seats won in last election: 9 
  • Party: LMP – Hungary’s Green Party (LMP) / LMP – Magyarország Zöld Pártja 
    • Leaders: Máté KANÁSZ-NAGY and Erzsébet SCHMUCK 
    • Seats won in last election: 8 (currently possesses 6) 

Population and Registered Voters:

  • Population: 9,728,337 (July 2021 est.) [5]
  • Registered Voters: 8,222,215 (March 2022 est.) [6]

Gender Data: 

  • Female Population: 5,111,556 (2020 est.) [7]
  • Is Hungary a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (signed 6 June 1980) [8]
  • Has Hungary ratified CEDAW:  Yes (ratified 22 December 1980) [9]
  • Gender Quota: There are no legislated gender quotas in Hungary. [10]
  • Female candidates in this election: N/A 
  • Number of Female Legislators: 26 out of 199 [11]
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: Rank 40 at 0.854 (2020) [12]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low [13]

Elections in Hungary