IFES

Nov. 28, 2021 Snap

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyz Republic

Election for Jorgorku Kenesh (Kyrgyz Supreme Council)

Results

Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:1,281,622
Valid Votes:1,162,131
Invalid Votes:119,334

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Ata-Jurt 15 - 223,242

17.26%

Ishenim (Belief) 12 - 175,930

13.60%

Yntymak (Cohesion) 9 - 141,698

10.95%

Alliance 7 - 107,596

8.32%

Butun Kyrgyzstan 6 - 90,424

6.99%

Light of Faith 5 - 79,344

6.13%

More Info:

At Stake in this Election:        

  • 90 seats in the Supreme Council of Kyrgyzstan (Jogorku KeneshЖогорку Кеңеш) 

Government Structure: 

  • Chief of State: President Sadyr JAPAROV (since 28 January 2021) 
  • Head of Government: Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers Akylbek JAPAROV (since 12 October 2021) 
  • Assembly: The Supreme Council of Kyrgyzstan (Jogorku Kenesh) is a unicameral legislature consisting of 90 seats.  

Electoral System: [1]

  • The President of Kyrgyzstan, who is elected for a five-year term and may serve up to two terms, is elected using a two-round system in which voters casts a single ballot to elect their preferred candidate. If no candidate receives a simple majority, a run-off election is held between the two highest grossing candidates. 
  • The Supreme Council of Kyrgyzstan (Jogorku Kenesh) is a unicameral body consisting of 90 deputies elected to serve five-year terms. Employing a mixed electoral system, 54 deputies of the Supreme Council are elected in a single constituency according to a proportional system, while the remaining 36 deputies are elected in single-mandate constituencies under the majoritarian system. 

Last Election: 

  • Parliamentary elections were last held in Kyrgyzstan on 4 October 2020.* 

*The results of the October 2020 elections were annulled following widescale protests over allegations of vote-rigging. [2] 

Main Parties in this Election: [3] 

  • Party: Fatherland Kyrgyzstan / Ata-Jurt Kyrgyzstan (Ата-Журт Кыргызстан) 
    • Leader: Aybek MATKERIMOV 
    • Seats won in last election: 0 
  • Party: Trust / Ishenim (Ишеним) 
    • Leader: Azamat DOROEV 
    • Seats won in last election: 0 
  • Party: Harmony / Yntymak (Ынтымак) 
    • Leader: Marlen MAMATALIEV 
    • Seats won in last election: 0 
  • Party: Alliance / Alyans (Альянс) 
    • Leader: Mirlan JEENCHOROEV 
    • Seats won in last election: New 
  • Party: United Kyrgyzstan / Bütün Kırgızstan (Бүтүн Кыргызстан) 
    • Leader: Adakhan MADUMAROV 
    • Seats won in last election: 13 
  • Party: Light of Faith / Lyman Nuru (Ыйман нуру) 
    • Leader: Nurzhigit KADYRBEKOV 
    • Seats won in last election: 0 
  • Party: People’s Hope / El Ümütü (Эл Үмүтү) 
    • Leader: Bolot IBRAGMIOV 
    • Seats won in last election: New 
  • Party: Liberty Democratic Party / Azattyk (Демократическая партия азаттык) 
    • Leader: Ismail ISAKOV 
    • Seats won in last election: 0 
  • Party: Fatherland Socialist Party / Ata-Meken Sotsialisttik Partiyası (Ата-Мекен Социалисттик Партиясы 
    • Leader: Omurbek TEKEBAYEV 
    • Seats won in last election: 0 
  • Party: Social Democrats / Kyrgyzstan sotsial-demokratiyalyk Partiyasy (Социал-демократтар)  
    • Leader: Temirlan SULTANBEKOV 
    • Seats won in last election: 0 

Population and Registered Voters: 

  • Population: 6,680,446 (December 2021 est.) [4]
  • Registered Voters: 3,703,420 (2021) [5]

Gender Data: 

  • Female Population: 3,385,312 (December 2021 est.) [6]
  • Is Kyrgyzstan a signatory to CEDAW: No [7]
  • Has Kyrgyzstan ratified CEDAW:  Acceded on 10 February 1997 [8] 
  • Gender Quota: While the law dictates that 30 percent of seats are reserved for women, compliance has been limited. [9]
  • Female candidates in this election: 377 out of 1,046 [10]
  • Number of Female Legislators: 20** [11]
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: Rank 120 at 0.697 (2020) [12]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low [13]

**Data reflects the composition of the Supreme Council as determined by the 2015 elections due to the annulment of the 2020 election results. 

Disability Data: 

  • Is Kyrgyzstan a signatory to CRPD: Yes (21 September 2011) [14]
  • Has Kyrgyzstan ratified CRPD: Yes (16 May 2019) [15]
  • Population with a disability: 849,741 (2021 est.) [16]