ElectionGudie

Oct. 17, 2020 Postponed

New Zealand

New Zealand

Election for New Zealand House of Representatives

More Info:

This election has been postponed from September 19, 2020 due to COVID-19. 

At Stake in this Election:       

  • 120 seats or more in the House of Representatives depending on the proportional vote.

 

Government Structure:

  • Chief of State: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), Represented by Governor General Dame Patricia Lee REDDY (since 28 September 2016)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Jacinda ARDEN (since 26 October 2017)
  • Assembly: Unicameral House of Representatives with 120 seats

 

Electoral System:

  • The monarchy is hereditary.
  • The monarch appoints the Governor General.
  • After general elections, the Governor General usually appoints the leader of the majority party or majority coalition to Prime Minister.
  • Members of the House of Representatives are directly elected to 3-year terms. 71 members are elected in single-seat constituencies and 49 list members are elected by a proportional representation vote under the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) system.

 

Main Parties in this Election:                    

  • Labour
    • Leader: Jacinda ARDERN
    • Seats won in last election: 46
  • National
    • Leader: Judith COLLINS
    • Seats won in last election: 56
  • New Zealand First
    • Leader: Winston PETERS
    • Seats won in last election: 9
  • Green
    • Leader: James SHAW
    • Seats won in last election: 8
  • ACT
    • Leader: David SEYMOUR
    • Seats won in last election: 1
  • Advance NZ
    • Leader: Jami-Lee ROSS
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Opportunities
    • Leader: Geoff SIMMONS
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Māori
    • Leader: John TAMIHERE and Debbie NGAREWA-PACKER
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Legalise Cannabis
    • Leader: Maki HERBERT and Michael APPLEBY
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • New Conservative
    • Leader: Leighton BAKER
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Outdoors
    • Leader: Sue GREY and Alan SIMMONS
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Social Credit
    • Leader: Chris LEITCH
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Heartland
    • Leader: Mark BALL
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • ONE
    • Leader: Edward SHANLY and Stephanie HARAWIRA
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Sustainable NZ
    • Leader: Vernon TAVA
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • TEA
    • Leader: John HONG and Susanna KRUGER
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Vision NZ
    • Leader: Hannah TAMAKI
    • Seats won in last election: 0

 

Population and Registered Voters:

  • Population: 4,925,477 (July 2020 est.)[1]
  • Registered Voters: 3,436,178 (2020 est.)[2]

 

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 1,459,274 (June 2020 est.)[3]
  • Is New Zealand a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
  • Has New Zealand ratified CEDAW: Yes (10 January 1985)
  • Gender Quota: No
  • Female Candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of Female Legislators: 49 (as of 2020)[4]
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 14[5]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

 

Disability Data:

  • Is New Zealand a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
  • Has New Zealand ratified CRPD: Yes (25 September 2008)
  • Population with a disability: 665,759[6]
 

[1] https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/nz.html

[2] https://elections.nz/stats-and-research/enrolment-statistics/enrolment-by-general-electorate

[3] Ibid.

[4] https://data.ipu.org/women-ranking?month=6&year=2020

[5] http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/NZL

[6] http://www.electionaccess.org/en/resources/countries/NZ/all/