At stake in this election:
- 14 seats in the Council of Representatives.
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: King HAMAD bin Isa al-Khalifa (since 6 March 1999)
- Head of Government: Prime Minister KHALIFA bin Salman al-Khalifa (since 1971)
- Assembly: Bahrain has a bicameral National Assembly (al-Jamiyh al-Watani) consisting of the Shura Council (Majlis Al-Shura) with 40 seats and the Council of Representatives (Majlis Al-Nuwab) with 40 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The King is hereditary
- The Prime Minister is appointed by the monarch.
- In the Shura Council (Majlis Al-Shura) 40 members are appointed by the monarch. In the Council of Representatives (Majlis Al-Nuwab) 40 members are elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.**
** A second, runoff round is held if no candidate receives and absolute majority in the first round.
- The by-elections will be held to fill seats vacated by members of the opposition Al-Wifaq party, who resigned in protest. Though there are 18 open seats, only 14 are being contested, and all seats are being contested by pro-government party member or independents. All seats were won by independents.
- The registered voters figure is taken from the contested districts, rather than the entire country.