IFES

Nov. 20, 2022 Snap

Equatorial Guinea

Republic of Equatorial Guinea

Election for President

More Info:

At Stake in this Election:        

  • The Office of the President of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea 

Government Structure: 

  • Chief of State: President Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA Mbasogo (since 3 August 1979) 

  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Francisco Pascual Eyegue Obama Asu (since 23 June 2016) 

  • Assembly: Bicameral legislature consisting of a 100-member Chamber of Deputies and a 70-member Senate 

Electoral System: 

  • The President is elected by a first-past-the-post system. They are elected to seven-year terms.* 

  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president. 

  • The 100 members of the Chamber of Deputies are elected by closed-list proportional representation from 19 multi-member constituencies. They are elected to five-year terms. 

  • The 70 members of the Senate are elected to five-year terms. 55 of them are elected from the same 19 constituencies, while 15 are appointed. 

*In 2011, a constitutional referendum enacted a 2-term limit for the office of the Presidency.1  President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo was grandfathered into that clause, allowing him to run for two more terms after the referendum was passed. This Presidential election will be for his second term under this new clause. The 2011 referendum also included a lifting of the age limit for the office, and created the institution of the Vice President. Many suspect this new office was created to allow Obiang’s son to succeed him.2 

Main Candidates in this Election:  

  • Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA Mbasogo 

  • Party: Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea / Partido Democrático de Guinea Ecuatorial 

  • Buenaventura Monsuy Asumu 

  • Party: Social Democratic Coalition Party / Partido de la Coalición Social Demócrata 

  • Andrés Esono Ondó 

  • Party: Convergence for Social Democracy / Convergencia para la Democracia Social 

Population and Registered Voters: 

  • Population: 1,679,172 (2022 est.)

  • Registered Voters: 325,555 (2017)

Gender Data: 

  • Female Population: 418,593 (2022 est.)5 

  • Is Equatorial Guinea a signatory to CEDAW: No 

  • Has Equatorial Guinea ratified CEDAW: Yes (Accession) (23 Oct 1984)6 

  • Gender Quota: None 

  • Female Candidates in this election: No 

  • Number of Female Legislators (pre-election): 22 out of 100 in the Chamber of Deputies (22%); 12 out of 72 in the Senate (16.7%)

  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: Rank 145 at 0.596 (2022)8 

  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A 

Disability Data: 

  • Is Equatorial Guinea a signatory to CRPD: No 

  • Has Equatorial Guinea ratified CRPD: Yes (Accession) (25 Mar 2022)9 

  • Population with a disability: 251,876 (2022 est.) 

IFES Resources: 

  • Does IFES have a presence in Equatorial Guinea: No 

1. https://www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2011-11-23/equatorial-guinea-referendum-on-constitutional-changes/ 

2. https://www.hrw.org/news/2011/11/11/equatorial-guinea-move-consolidate-power 

3. https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/equatorial-guinea/#people-and-society

4. https://www.idea.int/data-tools/country-view/117/40 

5. https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/equatorial-guinea/#people-and-society

6. https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/TreatyBodyExternal/Treaty.aspx?Treaty=CEDAW&Lang=en

7.  https://data.ipu.org/women-ranking?month=8&year=2022

8. https://hdr.undp.org/data-center/specific-country-data#/countries/GNQ

9. https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/TreatyBodyExternal/Treaty.aspx?Treaty=CEDAW&Lang=en