ElectionGudie

Feb. 6, 2022 Confirmed

2,117,913
Voted
Costa Rica

Republic of Costa Rica

Election for Asamblea Legislativa (Costa Rican Legislative Assembly)

Results

59%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:2,117,913
Valid Votes:2,076,282
Invalid Votes:41,631

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

National Liberation Party 19 - 515,362

24.82%

Social Democratic Progress Party 10 - 312,195

15.04%

Social Christian Unity Party 9 - 236,969

11.41%

New Republic Party 7 - 209,096

10.07%

Liberal Progressive Party 6 - 188,125

9.06%

Broad Front 6 - 173,006

8.33%

More Info:

Note: Parties that won 0 seats are excluded from results. 

At stake in this election:

  • All 57 seats in the Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) [1]*

*Note: this election is being held concurrently with the Costa Rican Presidential election.

Description of government structure [2]:

  • Chief of State: President Carlos ALVARADO Quesada (since 8 May 2018)*.
  • Assembly: The unicameral Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa).

*Note: The President is both the chief of state and head of government. There is also a First Vice President and Second Vice President elected on the same ballot as the president.

Description of electoral system [3]:

  • The president and vice presidents are directly on the same ballot by modified majority popular vote (40% threshold) for a 4-year term.
  • The Legislative Assembly has 57 seats and is directly elected in multi-seat constituencies corresponding to the country’s 7 provinces. Members serve 4-year terms.

Last Election [4]:

  • The last Legislative Assembly election was held on February 4th, 2018. 2,137,556 votes were cast. The National Liberation Party won 17 seats (19.49% of the vote), National Restoration won 14 seats (18.15% of the vote), and Citizens Action Party won 10 seats (16.27% of the vote). All other parties won less than 5% of the vote.

Main parties in this election:

  • National Liberation Party (PLN)  / Partido Liberación Nacional
    • Leader: Jorge Pattoni SAENZ
    • Seats won in last election: 17 out of 57
  • Citizens’ Action Party (PAC) / Partido Acción Ciudadana
    • Leader: Carlos Alvarado QUESADA
    • Seats won in last election: 9 out of 57
  • Social Christian Unity Party (PUSC) / Partido Unidad Social Cristiana
    • Leader: Randall QUIROS
    • Seats won in last election: 8 out of 57
  • National Restoration Party (PREN) / Partido Restauración Nacional
    • Leader: Carlos Avendaño CALVO
    • Seats won in last election: 7 out of 57
  • Independent politicians
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 12 out of 57

*Note: this list is comprised of parties who currently hold seats in Parliament.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 5,151,140 (July 2021 est.) [5]
  • Registered Voters: 3,322,329 (2018 est.) [6]

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: Not available
  • Is Costa Rica a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (signed 17 July 1980) [7]
  • Has Costa Rica ratified CEDAW: Yes (ratified 4 April 1986) [8]
  • Gender Quota: Yes, both legislated and voluntary quotas. (Costa Rican election law requires that ‘all delegations, electoral lists and other entities’ must be composed of 50% of each gender.) [9]
  • Female candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of female legislators: 26 out of 57 [10]
  • Human Development Index Position: 0.810 (ranked 62) [11]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (28%) [12]

Disability Data:

  • Is Costa Rica a signatory to CRPD: Yes (signed 30 March 2007) [13]
  • Has Costa Rica ratified CRPD: Yes (ratified 1 October 2008) [14]
  • Population with a disability: 722,122 (2022 est.) [15]

[6] https://www.idea.int/data-tools/country-view/87/40

[7] https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/TreatyBodyExternal/Treaty.aspx?Treaty=CEDAW&Lang=en

[9] https://www.idea.int/data-tools/data/gender-quotas/country-view/87/35

[10] https://data.ipu.org/content/costa-rica?chamber_id=13371

[11] http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/CRI

[12] https://www.genderindex.org/wp-content/uploads/files/datasheets/2019/CR.pdf

[13] https://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-15&chapter=4&clang=_en

[15] http://electionaccess.org/en/resources/countries/?q=costa+rica#tab