Singapore: Parliamentary Election, July 10, 2020
At Stake in this election:
- 93 seats in the Parliament
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President HALIMAH Yacob (since 14 September 2017)
- Head of Government: Prime Minister LEE Hsien Loong (since 12 August 2004)
- Assembly: Singapore has a unicameral Parliament with 104 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- In the Parliament, 93 Members of Parliament (MPs) are directly elected by first-past-the-post voting in 31 constituencies. 14 constituencies are Single Member Constituencies, and 17 are Group Representation Constituencies, which may have between 2 and 6 MPs. Additionally, up to 9 Nominated Members of Parliament (NMPs) may appointed by the President to ensure political diversity and independent opinions, and a maximum of 12 Non-constituency Members of Parliament (NCMPs) may be appointed from candidates who did not win in a general election but were one of the best-performing runners-up. Voting is mandatory in all Singapore’s elections for all eligible individuals.
- Singapore’s 17th general election was called on 23 June 2020 following the dissolution of Parliament by President HAMILAH Yacob. Candidate nomination occurred on 30 June 2020, followed by a nine-day election campaign. In the 2015 general election, the People’s Action Party (PAP) maintained their majority in the Parliament, winning 69.5% of the vote and 83 seats in the Parliament, while the Workers’ Party of Singapore won 12.5% of the vote and 6 seats.
Main parties in the election:
- People’s Action Party (PAP)
- Leader: LEE Hsien Loong
- Last Election: 83 seats (69.5% of vote)
- Workers’ Party (WP)
- Leader: Pritam SINGH
- Last Election: 6 seats (12.5% of vote)
- Progress Singapore Party
- Leader: TAN Cheng Bock
- Last Election: N/A (new party)
Population and number of registered voters:
- Female Population: 3,176,252 (2020 est.) 
- Is Singapore a signatory to CEDAW: No
- Has Singapore ratified CEDAW: No 
- Gender Quota: No 
- Female candidates in this election: Yes
- Number of Female Parliamentarians: 24 (2015) 
- Human Development Index Position: 9 
- Social Institutions and Gender Index Categorization: Low (2019) 
- Is Singapore a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 November 2012)
- Has Singapore ratified CRPD: Yes (18 July 2013) 
- Population with a disability: 851,171 
 The term for elected members is five years. For appointed members the term is 2.5 years.