At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Brazil
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Luiz Inácio LULA DA SILVA *
- Head of Government: President Luiz Inácio LULA DA SILVA
- Assembly: Brazil has a bicameral National Congress (Congresso Nacional) consisting of the Federal Senate (Senado Federal) with 81 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Camara dos Deputados) with 513 seats.
* The president is both the chief of state and head of government. The President is elected by majority vote to serve a 4-year term for a maximum of two mandates. Presidential elections take place under a two-round majority run-off system.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 4-year term.
- In the Federal Senate (Senado Federal) 81 members are elected by plurality vote to serve 8-year terms*. In the Chamber of Deputies (Camara dos Deputados) 513 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.
* One-third of the senators (27 seats) are elected after a four-year period, and two-thirds (54 seats) are elected after the next four-year period.
Main Candidates in the Second Round of the Presidential race:
- Luiz Inácio LULA DA SILVA
- Party: Workers' Party / (PT)
- Geraldo José Rodrigues ALCKMIN FILHO
- Party: Brazilian Social Democracy Party / (PSDB)
Last Presidential election:
- The last presidential election was held on 6 October 2002 with a runoff on October 27. In the second round, Luiz Inácio LULA DA SILVA (PT) was elected with 61.3% of the vote against José SERRA (PSDB) who obtained 38.7%.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 188,078,227 (July 2006 )
- Registered Voters: 125,913,479 (June 2006 )
· Female Population: 96,633,454 (2006)
· Is Brazil a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (31 March 1981)
· Has Brazil ratified CEDAW: Yes (1 February 1984)
· Gender Quota: Yes
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 45 (Chamber of Deputies); 4 (Federal Senate) (following 2006 elections)
· Human Development Index Position: 75 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)
· Is Brazil a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Brazil ratified CRPD: Yes (1 August 2008)
· Population with a disability: 28,211,734 (est.)