ElectionGudie

Dec. 12, 2019 Snap

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Election for British House of Commons

More Info:

At Stake in this Referendum:       

  • 650 seats in the House of Commons*

* A general election is scheduled to be held in the United Kingdom on 12 December 2019. It is to be held under the provisions of the Early Parliamentary General Election Act 2019, two and a half years after the previous general election in June 2017.

Government Structure:

  • Chief of State: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Boris JOHNSON (since July 24 2019)
  • Assembly: The United Kingdom has a bicameral parliament consisting of the House of Lords (92 hereditary peers, and 793 peers overall) and the House of Commons (650 seats).

Electoral System:

  • Members of the House of Commons are directly elected by plurality vote in single-seat constituencies to a five-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is usually the leader of the biggest party under the First Past the Post Voting System.
  • The monarchy is hereditary.
  • Members of the House of Lords are appointed by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister. Some non-party-political members are recommended by an independent body, the House of Lords Appointments Commission[1].

Main Parties in this Election:                      

  • Party: Conservative
    • Leader: Boris JOHNSON
    • Seats won in last election: 317
  • Party: Labour
    • Leader: Jeremy CORBYN
    • Seats won in last election: 262
  • Party: Liberal Democrats
    • Leader: Jo SWINSON
    • Seats won in last election: 12
  • Party: Green Party of England and Wales
    • Leader: Jonathan BARTLEY and Siân BERRY
    • Seats won in last election: 1
  • Party: Scottish National Party (SNP)
    • Leader: Nicola STURGEON
    • Seats won in last election: 35
  • Party: Plaid Cymru
    • Leader: Adam PRICE
    • Seats won in last election: 4
  • Party: The Independent Group for Change
    • Leader: Anna SOUBRY
    • Seats won in last election: N/A
  • Party: Brexit Party
    • Leader: Nigel FARAGE
    • Seats won in last election: N/A

Population and Registered Voters:

  • Population: 67,530,000 (2019 est.)[2]
  • Registered Voters: 46,824,978 (2017)[3]

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 34,179,000 (2019 est.)[4]
  • Is the United Kingdom a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (22 July 1980)[5]
  • Has the United Kingdom ratified CEDAW: Yes (7 April 1986)[6]
  • Gender Quota: No[7]
  • Female Candidates in this election:
  • Number of Female Legislators: 208 (32%)[8]
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 14[9]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very low[10]

Disability Data:

  • Is the United Kingdom a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)[11]
  • Has the United Kingdom ratified CRPD: Yes (8 June 2009)[12]
  • Estimated population with a disability: 9,613,233[13]