ElectionGudie

Nov. 10, 2019 Snap

Spain

Kingdom of Spain

Election for Congreso de los Diputados (Spanish Congress of Deputies)

More Info:

 

At Stake in this Election:       

  • 350 seats in the Congreso de los Diputados (Congress of Deputies)

*The election will be held as provided under article 99.5 of the Spanish Constitution[1], as a result of the failure in government formation negotiations.

Government Structure:

  • Chief of State: King FELIPE VI (since 19 June 2014)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Pedro SÁNCHEZ Pérez-Castejón
  • Assembly: Spain has a bicameral Las Cortes Generales (General Courts) composed of the Senado (Senate) and Congreso de los Diputados (Congress of Deputies). There are 266 seats in the Senate and 350 seats in the Congress of Deputies.  

Electoral System:

  • In the Congress of Deputies, 348 members are directly elected in 50 multi-member constituencies by proportional representation vote and two are directly elected from the North African Ceuta and Melilla enclaves by simple majority vote. Initially, each of the 50 multi-member constituencies is allocated two seats and Ceuta and Melilla one. The remaining 248 seats are allocated to the districts by population. Parties must reach a 3% threshold to qualify for seat allocation. Members of the Congress of Deputies serve 4-year terms.

Main Parties in this Election:

  • Party: Spanish Socialist Worker’s Party / Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE)
    • Leader: Pedro SÁNCHEZ Pérez-Castejón
    • Seats won in last election: 123
  • Party: People's Party / Partido Popular (PP)
    • Leader: Pablo CASADO Blanco
    • Seats won in last election: 66
  • Party: Citizens / Ciudadanos (Cs)
    • Leader: Albert RIVERA Díaz
    • Seats won in last election: 57
  • Party: United We Can / Unidas Podemos
    • Leader: Pablo IGLESIAS
    • Seats won in last election: 42
  • Party: Vox
    • Leader: Santiago ABASCAL Conde
    • Seats won in last election: 24
  • Coaliation: Republican Left of Catalonia–Sovereigntists / Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya–Sobiranistes (ERCSobiranistes)
    • Electoral coalition formed in Catalonia ahead of the 2019 Spanish general election by Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) and Sovereigntists (Sobiranistes)
    • Leaders: Oriol JUNQUERAS, Gabriel RUFIÁN and Carolina TELECHEA
    • Seats won in last election: 15
  • Party: Together for Catalonia / Junts per Catalunya (JxCat)
    • Leader: Laura BORRÀS i Castanyer
    • Seats won in last election: 7
  • Party: Basque Nationalist Party / Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea (EAJ/PNV)
    • Leader: Aitor ESTEBAN Bravo
    • Seats won in last election: 6
  • Party: Basque Country Unite / Euskal Herria Bildu (EH Bildu)
    • Leader: Oskar MATUTE García de Jalón
    • Seats won in last election: 4
  • Party: Agreement of Nationalist Unity / Acuerdo de Unidad Nacionalista
    • Leader: Ana María ORAMAS González-Moro
    • Seats won in last election: 2
  • Party: Navarra Suma (NA+)
    • Leader: Sergio SAYAS
    • Seats won in last election: 2
  • Party: Regionalist Party of Cantabria / Partido Regionalista de Cantabria (PRC)
    • Leader: José María MAZÓN Ramos
    • Seats won in last election: 1
  • Party: Gomera Socialist Group / Agrupación Socialista Gomera (AGP)
    • Leader: Yaiza CASTILLA
    • Seats won in last election: 1
  • Party: More Country / Más País
    • Leader: Íñigo ERREJÓN Galván
    • Seats won in last election: N/A

Population and Registered Voters:

  • Population: 46,934,632[2]
  • Registered Voters: 36,898,883 (2019)[3]

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 23,926,770[4]
  • Is Spain a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)[5]
  • Has Spain ratified CEDAW: Yes (5 January 1984)[6]
  • Gender Quota: Yes[7]
  • Female Candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of Female Legislators: 166 (47%) in the Congress of Deputies/Congreso de los Diputados; 103 (39%) in the Senate/Senado[8]
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 26[9]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very low[10]

Disability Data:

  • Is Spain a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)[11]
  • Has Spain ratified CRPD: Yes (3 December 2007)[12]
  • Population with a disability: 3,847,900 (2008)[13]
 

[6] Ibid.

[13] https://www.ine.es/revistas/cifraine/1009.pdf