ElectionGudie

April 3, 2019 Held

Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands

Election for Solomon Islander National Parliament

More Info:

At Stake in this Election:    

  • The 50 seats in Solomon Islands’ National Parliament

Government Structure:

  • Chief of State: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
  • Queen’s Representative: Governor General Frank KABUI (since 7 July 2009)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Gordon Darcy LILO (since 16 November 2011)
  • Assembly: Solomon Islands has a unicameral National Parliament with 50 seats

Electoral System:

  • The Queen is hereditary. The Queen’s representative, the Governor General, is appointed by the monarch on the advice of parliament to serve for up to two 5-year terms.
  • In the National Parliament, 50 members are elected from single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.

Main Parties in this Election:

  • Party: The People’s Alliance Party (PAP)
    • Leader: James MEKAB
    • Seats won in last election: 3
  • Party: Democratic Alliance Party
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 7
  • Party: People’s Progressive Party
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: National Transformation Party
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: Kadare Party of Solomon Islands
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 1
  • Party: Pan Melanesian Party
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: Solomon Islands People First Party
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 1
  • Party: Solomon Islands’ Party for Rural Advancement (SIPRA)
    • Leader: Job D. TAUSINGA
    • Seats won in last election: 1
  • Party: Direct Development Party (DDP)
    • Leader: Dick HA’AMORI
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: United Democratic Party
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 5
  • Party: Solomon Islands Democratic Party (SIDP)*
    • Leader: Steve ABANA
    • Seats won in last election:
  • Party: Our Party*
    • Leader: Manasseh SOGAVARE
    • Seats won in last election:
  • Party: Liberal Party (SILP)*
    • Leader: Derek ABANA
    • Seats won in last election:
  • Party: Labor Party*
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election:
  • Party: Rural Urban Party (RUPP)*
    • Leader: Samuel MANETOALI
    • Seats won in last election:
  • Party: United Party*
    • Leader: Sir Peter KENILOREA
    • Seats won in last election:
  • Party: National Party*
    • Leader: Francis HILLY
    • Seats won in last election:
  • Independents
    • Seats won in last election: 32

* These are non-registered political parties and candidates will be running as independents.

Population and Registered Voters:

  • Population: 635,254 (2019 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 359,690

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 312,331 (2019 est.)
  • Is Solomon Islands a signatory to CEDAW: No
  • Has Solomon Islands ratified CEDAW: Yes (6 May 2002)
  • Gender Quota: No
  • Female Candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of Female Legislators: 1 of 50 seats in the National Parliament (2%)
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 152 (2018)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Ranking: N/A

Disability Data:

  • Is Solomon Islands a signatory to CRPD: Yes (23 September 2008)
  • Has Solomon Islands ratified CRPD: No
  • Population with a disability: 93,370 (est.)