April 14, 2019 Confirmed


Republic of Finland

Election for Eduskunta (Finnish Parliament)

More Info:

At Stake in this Election:      

  • 200 seats in the Parliament (Eduskunta)

Government Structure:

  • Chief of State: President Sauli NIINISTÖ
  • Head of Government: Juha SIPILÄ 
  • Assembly: Finland has a unicameral Parliament (Eduskunta) with 200 seats.

Electoral System:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote to serve a 6-year term. If no candidate receives more than half of the (approved) votes cast in the first round, a second round is held.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Parliament (Eduskunta), members are elected by open list proportional representation to serve 4-year terms: 199 members in 12 multi-member constituencies and one member in the single-member constituency of Åland. The number of seats for each multi-member district is determined before the election based on population.

Main Parties in this Election:

Population and Registered Voters:

  • Population: 5,513,199 (2019 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 4,515,085

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 2,817,072 (2019 est.)
  • Is Finland a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
  • Has Finland ratified CEDAW: Yes (4 September 1986)
  • Gender Quota:  No
  • Female Candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of Female Legislators: 83 (41.5%) of 200 seats in the Parliament (Eduskunta)
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 15 (2018)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very Low (2019)

Disability Data:

  • Is Finland a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
  • Has Finland ratified CRPD: Yes (11 May 2016)
  • Population with a disability: 821,538 (est.)