ElectionGudie

Oct. 7, 2018 Confirmed

Brazil

Federative Republic of Brazil

Election for Camara dos Deputados (Brazilian Chamber of Deputies)

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 513 seats in Brazil’s Chamber of Deputies (Câmara dos Deputados)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Michel TEMER*
  • Head of Government: President Michel TEMER
  • Assembly: Brazil has a bicameral National Congress (Congresso Nacional) consisting of the Federal Senate (Senado Federal) with 81 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Câmara dos Deputados) with 513 seats.

* The president is both the chief of state and head of government.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Federal Senate (Senado Federal) 81 members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies to serve 8-year terms.** In the Chamber of Deputies (Câmara dos Deputados) 513 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.***

** There are 27 multi-member (3 seats) constituencies corresponding to the country's 26 states and the Federal District. One-third of the senators (27 seats) are elected after a four-year period, and two-thirds (54 seats) are elected after the next four-year period. When two-thirds of the seats are to be renewed, each elector votes for two candidates. When one-third is to be renewed, each elector votes for one candidate.

*** There are 27 multi-member constituencies with district magnitude ranging from 8 to 70 seats, based on population.

 Main parties in the electoral race:*

 * There are 34 parties in this election.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 210,867,954 (2018 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 147,302,357 (2018)

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 107,268,645 (2018 est.)
  • Is Brazil a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (31 March 1981)
  • Has Brazil ratified CEDAW: Yes (1 February 1984)
  • Gender Quota: Yes (In the Chamber of Deputies)
  • Female candidates in this election:
  • Number of Female Parliamentarians: 55 (Chamber of Deputies); 12 (Federal Senate) (2018)
  • Human Development Index Position: 79 (2016)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

  • Is Brazil a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
  • Has Brazil ratified CRPD: Yes (1 August 2008)
  • Population with a disability: 30,638,972 (2018 est.)