ElectionGudie

May 12, 2018 Ongoing

Iraq

Republic of Iraq

Election for Majlis an-Nuwwab al-`Iraqiyy (Iraqi Council of Representatives)

More Info:

*Iraq is currently undergoing a recount for the elections held 12 May.

Iraq: Parliament, 12 May 2018

At stake in this election:

  • 328 seats in the Council of Representatives of Iraq

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Jalal TALABANI
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Nuri al-MALIKI
  • Assembly: Iraq has a unicameral Council of Representatives (Majlis an-Nuwwab al-`Iraqiyy) with 328 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • In the Council of Representatives (Majlis an-Nuwwab al-`Iraqiyy) 328 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.[1],[2]

Election Note:

  • This is the first election since the defeat of ISIS in the country in 2017. 

Main coalitions in this electoral race:[3]

  • State of Law Coalition / ائتلاف دولة القانون
    • Leader: Nuri al-MALIKI[4]
    • Seats won in last Council of Representatives election: 92
  • Free Men Coalition / الأحرار ائتلاف (Ahrar)
    • Leader: Muqtada al-SADR[5]
    • Seats won in last Council of Representatives election: 
  • Citizen’s Coalition / ائتلاف المواطن (Muwatin)
    • Leader: Ammar al-HAKIM[6]
    • Seats won in last Council of Representatives election: 31
  • National Coalition / ائتلاف الوطنية (Wataniyya)
    • Leader: Iyad ALLAWI[7]
    • Seats won in last Council of Representatives election: 21
  • Arab Coalition / ائتلاف العربية (Arabiyya)
    • Leader: Saleh al-MUTLAQ[8]
    • Seats won in last Council of Representatives election: 10
  • Uniting for Reform / متحدون الإصلاح (Mutahhidun)
    • Leader: Usama al-NUJAYFI
    • Seats won in last Council of Representatives election: 28
  • Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) / پارتی دیموکراتی کوردستان [9]
    • Leader: Massoud BARZANI
    • Seats won in last Council of Representatives election: 25

Last election:

  • The last elections to the Council of Representatives were held on 30 April 2014. The State of Law Coalition won 92 seats, the Sadrists Movement Coalition won 34, the Citizen's Coalition won 31, the Uniting for Reform Coalition won 28, and the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) won 25. Haider Al-ABADI was elected prime minister. One month before the elections, all nine members of the Board of Commissioners of the Independent High Electoral Commission (IHEC) tendered their resignations. They cited a lack of independence due to an ongoing conflict between the ruling of a judicial panel and a parliamentary ruling on the meaning of an electoral statute that requires candidates to be “of good reputation.” The judicial panel had used that statute to disqualify several opponents of Prime Minister MALIKI without a clear avenue for repeal. Parliament, by contrast, ruled that individuals should not be disqualified under this statute unless they have been convicted of criminal offenses. After talks with several regional and international organizations, including the United Nations mission in Iraq, the commissioners rescinded their resignations on March 30.

Population and Voter Registration:

  • Population: 35,273,293 (2014)
  • Registered Voters: 20,453,696 (December 2013)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 17,422,614 (2014)

·         Is Iraq a signatory to CEDAW: No

·         Has Iraq ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (13 August 1986)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 83 (following the 2014 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 121 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Iraq a signatory to CRPD: No

·         Has Iraq ratified CRPD: Yes, accession (20 March 2013)

·         Population with a disability: 5,290,993 (est.)