ElectionGudie

Sept. 22, 2002 Held

48,582,761
Voted
Germany

Federal Republic of Germany

Election for Bundestag (German Federal Diet)

Results

78%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:48,582,761
Valid Votes:47,841,724
Invalid Votes:741,037

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Social Democratic Party 251 - 20,059,967

41.93%

Christian Democratic Union 190 - 15,336,512

32.10%

Christian Social Union in Bavaria 58 - 4,311,178

9.00%

Free Democratic Party 47 - 2,752,796

5.75%

Alliance '90/Greens 55 - 2,693,794

5.63%

Party of Democratic Socialism 2 - 2,079,203

4.35%

Others - - 608,274

1.30%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 603 seats in the Federal Assembly (Bundestag)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Johannes RAU *
  • Head of Government: Chancellor Gerhard SCHROEDER
  • Assembly: Germany has a bicameral Parliament (Parlament) consisting of the Federal Assembly (Bundestag) with 603 seats and the Federal Council (Bundesrat) with 69 seats.

* The President is elected by indirect vote by the Federal Convention to serve a 5-year term. The Federal Convention includes all members of the Federal Assembly and an equal number of delegates elected by the state parliaments.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by indirect vote to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the Federal Assembly (Bundestag), 299 members are elected in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 304 members are elected through a party-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms*. In the Federal Council (Bundesrat) 69 members are .**

* A party must win 5% of the national vote or three direct mandates to gain representation

** State governments are directly represented by votes; each has 3 to 6 votes depending on population and are required to vote as a block.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Christian Democratic Union / Christian Social Union (CDU/CSU)
    • Leader: Angela MERKEL (CDU) / Edmund STOIBER (CSU)
    • Seats won in this Federal Assembly election: 248
    • Seats won in last Federal Assembly election: 245
  • Party: Social Democratic Party / (SPD)
    • Leader: Gerhard SCHROEDER
    • Seats won in this Federal Assembly election: 251
    • Seats won in last Federal Assembly election: 293
  • Party: Free Democratic Party (FDP)
    • Leader: Guido WESTERWELLE
    • Seats won in this Federal Assembly election: 47
    • Seats won in last Federal Assembly election: 43
  • Party: Alliance '90/Greens
    • Leader: Fritz KUHN and Claudia ROTH
    • Seats won in this Federal Assembly election: 55
    • Seats won in last Federal Assembly election: 47
  • Party: Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS)
    • Leader: Gabi ZIMMERMAN
    • Seats won in this Federal Assembly election: 2
    • Seats won in last Federal Assembly election: 36
  • Party: Others
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in this Federal Assembly election: 0
    • Seats won in last Federal Assembly election: N/A

Last Parliamentary election:

  • Parliamentary elections were last held September 27, 1998

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 82,488,495 (2002)
  • Registered Voters: 61,432,868 (September 2002)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 42,128,082 (2002)

·         Is Germany a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Germany ratified CEDAW: Yes (10 July 1985)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 194 (German Bundestag) following the 2002 elections

·         Human Development Index Position: 6 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Germany a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Germany ratified CRPD: Yes (24 February 2009)

·         Population with a disability: 12,373,274 (est.)