Romania: Chamber of Deputies, 11 December 2016
At stake in this election:
- 308 seats in the Camera Deputatilor (Chamber of Deputies)
Note on the results: The remaining seats were won by 17 smaller parties who were awarded one each.
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Werner IOHANNIS (since 21 December 2014)
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Dacian CIOLOS (since 17 November 2015)
- Assembly: Romania has a bicameral Parlament (Parliament) consisting of the Senat (Senate) with 176 seats and the Camera Deputatilor (Chamber of Deputies) with 412 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- For the Chamber of Deputies, 308 members are elected by a party-list proportional representation system, with a 5% threshold for parties and a threshold of 8-10% for electoral alliances. An additional 18 members are elected to represent the needs of minority communities.
- Elections for the Chamber of Deputies were last held on 9 December 2012. The Social Liberal Union won 273 seats, the Right Romania Alliance won 56, the People’s Party – Dan Diaconescu won 47, and the Hungarian Democratic Alliance of Romania won 18. Additionally, 18 representatives of various ethnic and religious minorities were elected.
Main candidates in the election:
- Social Democratic Party (PSD)/Partidul Social Democrat
- Leader: Liviu DRAGNEA
- Seats won in last election: 126
- Party of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (ALDE)
- Leader: Călin POPESCU-TĂRICEANU, Daniel CONSTANTIN
- Seats won in last election: 25
- National Liberal Party (PNL)/Partidul National Liberal
- Leader: Alina-Ștefania GORGHIU
- Seats won in last election: 117
- National Union for the Progress of Romania (UNPR)/ Uniunea Națională pentru Progresul României
- Leader: Valeriu STERIU
- Seats won in last election: 34
- Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania/Uniunea Democratica Maghiara din Romania
- Leader: Hunor KELEMEN
- Seats won in last election: 16
- Save Romania Union (USR)
- Leader: Nicusor DAN
- Seats won in last election: 0
Population and number of registered voters:
· Population: 21,599,736 (July 2016 est.)
· Registered Voters: 18,280,994 (2014)
· Female Population: 11,090,262 (July 2016 est.)
· Is Romania a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (4 September 1980)
· Has Romania ratified CEDAW: Yes (7 January 1982)
· Gender Quota: No
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 55 (13.35%)
· Human Development Index Position: 52
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)
· Is Romania a signatory to CRPD: Yes (26 September 2007)
· Has Romania ratified CRPD: Yes (31 January 2011)
· Population with a disability: 4,903,499 (est.)
 These elections will be held according to new rules, following an amendment to the constitution lowering the number of parliamentarians to 134 senators, 308 deputies, 18 minority deputies, and 6 representatives of Romanians abroad for a total of 466 members.
 The Social Liberal Union consisted of the Social Democratic Party (PSD), the National Liberal Party (PNL), the Conservative Party (PC), and the National Union for the Progress of Romania.
 The Right Romania Alliance (ARD) consisted of the Democratic-Liberal part (PD-L), the National Peasant Christian-Democratic Party (PNT-CD), and the Civic Force (FC).