ElectionGudie

Oct. 7, 2018 Confirmed

Cameroon

Republic of Cameroon

Election for President

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Cameroon

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Paul BIYA
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Philemon YANG
  • Assembly: Cameroon has a unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale) with 180 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by plurality vote to serve a 7-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
  • In the National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale), 90 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms and 90 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms.***

*** The president can either lengthen or shorten the term of the legislature. In the PR tier, electors cast a ballot for a party list. If a list achieves an absolute majority, they win all the seats in that district. If no list obtains an absolute majority, the one with the highest number of votes is allocated half of the seats; the remainder is allocated to the other best-placed lists through proportional representation. There is a 5 percent threshold.

Main Candidates in the Presidential race:

  • Paul BIYA
    • Party: Democratic Rally of the People of Cameroon  / Rassemblement démocratique du Peuple Camerounais (RDPC/CPDM)
  • Joshua Nambangui OSHIH
    • Party: Social Democratic Front / Front Social-Démocratique (SDF/FSD)
  • Njoya Adamou NDAM
    • Party: Cameroon Democratic Union / Union Démocratique du Cameroun (CDU/UDC)
  • Gargan Haman ADJI
    • Party: Alliance for Democracy and Develpment / Alliance pour la Démocratie et le Développement (ADD)
  • Kamto MAURICE
    • Party: Cameroon Reneissance Movement / Movement pour la Renaissance du Cameroun (CRM/MRC)
  • Serge Espoir MATOMBA
    • Party: United People for Social Renovation / Peuple Uni pour la Rénovation Sociale (UPSR/PURS)
  • Franklin Ndofor AFANWI
    • Movement of National Citizens (MNCC/CNCM)
  • Akere Tabeng MUNA
    • FDP/PDF
  • Cabral Libii Li NGUE NGUE
    • Party: Univers

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 24,678,324 (2018 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 7,251,651 (September 2011)

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 12,325,060 (2018 est.)
  • Is Cameroon a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (6 June 1983)
  • Has Cameroon ratified CEDAW: Yes (23 August 1994)
  • Gender Quota: No
  • Female candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of Female Parliamentarians: 56 (National Assembly)
  • Human Development Index Position: 153 (2016)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High (2014)

Disability Data:

  • Is Cameroon a signatory to CRPD: Yes (1 October 2008)
  • Has Cameroon ratified CRPD: No
  • Population with a disability: 3,560,883 (2018 est.)