At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Singapore
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Sellapan Rama (S. R.) NATHAN
- Head of Government: Prime Minister LEE Hsien Loong **
- Assembly: Singapore has a unicameral Parliament with 94 seats.
** At the end of legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually appointed prime minister.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by plurality vote to serve a 6-year term.
- The Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
- In the Parliament, 9 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms, 75 members are elected through a group representation constituency (GRC) system to serve 5-year terms, 9 members are nominated by the President and 9 members are appointed from a national compensatory list to serve 5-year terms.***
*** Out of the 85 elected representatives, nine are elected through single member districts, and 75 in Group Representation Constituencies (GRCs). Each GRC has a district magnitude of four, five or six. Each party must present a list of candidates to fill each of the seats. Electors vote for one list, and the list with the most votes wins all the seats. One member of each list is required to be a member of the Malay, the Indian or another minority community. Independents may technically run in the GRCs, but they must do so on a joint-list.
Main Candidates in the Presidential race:
- TAN Cheng Bock
- Independent(s): Independent
- TAN Kin Lian
- TAN Jee Say
- Independent(s): N/A
- TONY TAN Keng Yam
- Independent(s): N/A
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 5,183,688 (2011)
- Registered Voters: 2,211,102 (May 2011)
· Female Population: 2,626,690 (2011)
· Is Singapore a signatory to CEDAW: No
· Has Singapore ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (5 October 1995)
· Gender Quota: No
· Female candidates in this election: No
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 20 (following the 2011 elections)
· Human Development Index Position: 11 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A
· Is Singapore a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 November 2012)
· Has Singapore ratified CRPD: Yes (18 July 2013)
· Population with a disability: 777,553 (est.)