Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

33,332,025 9

Population (as of July 1, 2016)

Elections in our database


Registered Voters (as of )

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
Afghani House of People Wolesi Jirga Lower House
Afghani House of Elders Meshrano Jirga Upper House

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Mohammad Ashraf GHANI
  • Head of Government: President Mohammad Ashraf GHANI*
  • Assembly: Afghanistan has a bicameral National Assembly (Jirga) consisting of the House of Elders (Meshrano Jirga) with 102 seats and the House of People (Wolesi Jirga) with 249 seats.

*The runner-up, Dr. Abdullah Abdullah, currently shares power with President Ghani as the Chief Executive Officer of Afghanistan, a newly created extra-constitutional position.  

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the House of Elders (Meshrano Jirga), 34 members are elected by regional legislatures to serve 4-year terms, 34 members are elected by regional legislatures to serve 3-year terms and 34 members are appointed by the President to serve 5-year terms.[i] In the House of People (Wolesi Jirga) 249 members are elected by single non-transferable vote to serve 5-year terms.[ii]

[i] Each Provincial Council elects one of its members to the House of Elders under a two-round system. (4-year term.) Each District Council elects one of its members to the House of Elders under a two-round system. (3-year term.) Due to the fact that district boundaries had not yet been established, District Councils did not elect members to the House of Elders in 2005. To compensate, provincial councils each elected two members. Half of the Presidential appointments must be women, two must be representatives from the Kuchi community, and two must represent the disabled community.

[ii] There are 34 multi-member districts corresponding to the 34 provinces. Seats are allocated in proportion to provincial population. District magnitudes range from 2 to 33. The constitution reserves 68 seats to women. However, even if a female candidate receives enough votes to win a seat without the quota system, she is still awarded a reserve seat.

Info Institutions Learn More


Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
President 2004-10-09 8,128,940 9,716,413 83.66%
Afghani House of Elders 2005-09-18 - 12,500,000 -
President 2009-08-20 5,918,741 12,430,644 47.61%
Afghani House of People 2010-09-18 4,216,594 10,300,000 40.94%
President 2014-04-05 7,018,049 20,845,988 33.67%
President 2014-06-14 8,109,493 20,845,988 38.9%
Afghani House of People 2016-10-15 - - -
Afghani House of People 2018-10-20 - 8,918,107 -
President 2019-07-20 - - -

Voter Turnout