ElectionGudie
New Zealand

New Zealand

4,474,549 11

Population (as of July 1, 2016)

Elections in our database

3,569,830 70.21%

Registered Voters (as of Oct. 6, 2017)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
New Zealand House of Representatives Assembly

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: Queen ELIZABETH II*
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Simon William "Bill" ENGLISH**
  • Assembly: New Zealand has a unicameral House of Representatives with 120 seats.

* The Queen is represented by Governor General Dame Patricia Lee REDDY

**Former Prime Minister John KEY resigned December 2016

Description of electoral system:

  • The Queen is hereditary.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the governor-general. Typically the leader of the majority party or coalition.
  • In the House of Representatives, 70 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 3-year terms and 50 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 3-year terms.
    • The electoral system is MMP. The voter has two votes: one for a party, one for the respective single-member constituency. Seven constituencies are reserved to the Maori people. Once constituency seats are filled, PR list seats are allocated to each party until its overall seat share is proportional to its share of party votes. Parties must clear a national threshold of 5 percent or win at least one constituency seat in order to qualify for seats in the ordinal tier. If a party wins more seats in the nominal tier than it would have been entitled to based on its share of ordinal tier votes, it keeps these seats, known as "overhang."
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Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
New Zealand House of Representatives 1999-11-27 2,047,473 2,509,365 81.59%
New Zealand House of Representatives 2002-07-27 2,040,248 2,670,030 76.41%
New Zealand House of Representatives 2005-09-17 2,286,190 2,822,148 81.01%
New Zealand House of Representatives 2008-11-08 2,376,480 2,990,759 79.46%
Referendum 2009-08-25 1,684,402 3,002,968 56.09%
New Zealand House of Representatives 2011-11-26 2,278,989 3,070,847 74.21%
Referendum 2011-11-26 2,257,243 3,070,847 73.51%
Referendum 2013-11-22 1,368,925 3,037,405 45.07%
New Zealand House of Representatives 2014-09-20 2,416,481 3,140,417 76.95%
Referendum 2016-03-03 2,124,507 3,158,576 67.26%
New Zealand House of Representatives 2017-09-23 2,169,802 3,569,830 60.78%

Voter Turnout