ElectionGudie
Italy

Italian Republic

62,007,540 20

Population (as of July 1, 2016)

Elections in our database

59.27%

Registered Voters (as of )

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
Itialian Senate Senato della Repubblica Upper House
Italian Chamber of Deputies Camera dei Deputati Lower House

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Sergio MATTARELLA 
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Paolo GENTILONI 
  • Assembly: Italy has a bicameral Parliament (Parlamento) consisting of the Senate (Senato della Repubblica) with 322 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati) with 630 seats.

**Former Prime Minister Matteo RENZI resigned 4 December 2016 following the failure of a referendum. 

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by an electoral college to serve a 7-year term.
  • Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament.
  • In the Senate (Senato della Repubblica), 315 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms, 5 members are elected by the President and 2 members are filled ex officio*. In the Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati) 630 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms.
    • ​Lists are closed. Once national thresholds are met, seats are allocated to parties on a regional basis. The thresholds are: 10% for any pre-election coalition, 2% for any party within a pre-election coalition, and 4% for any party not in coalition. The pre-election coalition winning a plurality of votes is guaranteed 340 seats. Within a coalition, seats are allocated to parties in proportion to their vote shares.

* Thresholds apply at the regional level, and seats are allocated regionally. The thresholds are: 20% for any pre-election coalition, 3% for any party within a coalition, and 8% for any party not in coalition. Within a coalition, seats are allocated to parties in proportion to their vote shares.

 

Info Institutions Learn More

Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
Referendum 1999-04-18 24,447,521 49,309,060 49.58%
Referendum 2000-05-21 14,189,487 48,846,238 29.05%
Italian Chamber of Deputies 2001-05-13 40,246,874 49,358,947 81.54%
Itialian Senate 2001-05-13 36,189,394 44,499,794 81.32%
Referendum 2001-10-07 16,257,606 49,066,417 33.13%
Referendum 2003-06-15 12,667,178 49,554,128 25.56%
Itialian Senate 2006-04-09 35,262,679 42,232,467 83.5%
Italian Chamber of Deputies 2006-04-09 39,298,497 46,997,601 83.62%
Referendum 2006-06-25 26,044,844 49,776,350 52.32%
Italian Chamber of Deputies 2008-04-13 37,942,347 47,126,326 80.51%
Itialian Senate 2008-04-13 34,681,417 47,126,326 73.59%
Referendum 2009-06-21 11,360,482 47,196,282 24.07%
Referendum 2011-06-12 27,642,457 50,594,868 54.63%
Itialian Senate 2013-02-24 31,751,350 42,270,824 75.11%
Italian Chamber of Deputies 2013-02-24 35,271,541 42,270,824 83.44%
President 2013-04-20 - - -
Referendum 2016-04-17 15,806,788 50,675,406 31.19%
Referendum 2016-12-04 33,244,258 50,773,284 65.48%
Itialian Senate 2018-03-04 - - -
Italian Chamber of Deputies 2018-03-04 - - -

Voter Turnout