The recent referendum in Kenya has brought the nation a new constitution, along with hopes of moving past the events of the 2007 election. While the new constitution may help reduce the chances of election violence in the future, however, it will take more to help Kenya transition into a functional democracy. In some cases, building consensus around new institutions requires holding perpetrators of past crimes accountable. The involvement of the International Criminal Court (ICC) provides an opportunity to do this, by bringing justice to those most responsible for the violence that followed the disputed presidential election. Chandra Lekha Sriram and Stephen Brown, writing for the University of East London, evaluate the ICC’s involvement, and assess its success in bringing accountability to Kenya.